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The Roman conquest of Italy was the result of a series of conflicts in which the city-state of Rome grew from being the dominant state in Latium to become the ruler of all of Italy.

The first major Roman conquest in historical times came with the final defeat of her neighbour Veii in 396 BC.

The last threat to Roman hegemony came when Tarentum enlisted the aid of Pyrrhus of Epirus during the Pyrrhic War (282 - 272 BC).

By 218 BC Roman conquest of Italy had been completed.

Conquered territories were incorporated into the growing Roman state in a number of ways: land confiscations, establishment of colonies, granting of full or partial Roman citizenship and military alliances with nominally independent states.

The successful conquest of Italy gave Rome access to a manpower pool unrivalled by any contemporary state and led the way to the eventual Roman domination of the entire Mediterranean world.

60 BC–after 7 BC) wrote Roman Antiquities in 20 books covering from Rome's origins to 264 BC, with emphasis on the earlier period.

Of these the 11 first books have survived, covering the period down to 443. Slightly earlier than Livy and Dionysius, the Sicilian Diodorus Siculus (flourished between 60 and 30 BC) wrote Bibliotheca historica a universal history of the Mediterranean world in 46 books.From the historical section of this work books 11 - 20 survive intact, covering the years 480 - 302 BC.The single most important source on early Roman history is the Roman historian Titus Livius (59 BC - 17 AD), usually spelled Livy in English literature, who wrote a history known as Ab Urbe Condita (From the Foundation of the City) covering the entirety of Rome's history from her mythical origins up to his own times in 142 books.Of these only books 1-10 and 21-45 have survived down to our times, covering the years from the foundation up to 293 and 220 - 167 BC.However summaries of the lost books have been preserved, and later historians such as Florus, Eutropius and Orosius used Livy as their source, so that we do have some knowledge of the contents of the lost books.Independently of Livy the Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus (c.

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